Life insurance is the common tool for getting deduction under Section 80C. The payment of life insurance premium is allowed as deduction under section 80C and maturity benefits are exempt from tax under section 10(10D). Tax benefits, no risk and insurance benefits make it an all time favorite investment for the general public.
Deduction u/s 80C
For Individual – Policy should be taken on own life, or life of spouse or any child (Dependent or Independent, married or unmarried).
Note: Premium Paid on life of parents, Brother, Sisters or In-laws are not eligible.
For HUF – Policy should be taken on life of any member of such HUF
Deduction is allowed only when the premium is actually paid in the year. i.e deduction allowed on paid basis.
Limit on deduction u/s 80C
Maximum deduction allowed for Life insurance premium is 10% of the actual sum assured. For policies issued on or before 31st March, 2012 maximum deduction allowed is 20% of the actual sum assured.
Provided that where the policy, issued on or after the 1st day of April, 2013, is for insurance on life of any person, who is—
(a) a person with disability or a person with severe disability as referred to in Section 80U, or
(b) suffering from disease or ailment as specified in the rules made under Section 80DDB,
then, maximum deduction allowed for insurance premium is 15% of actual sum assured.
Actual sum assured is the minimum amount assured under the policy on happening of the insured event.
Note: The value of any premium agreed to be returned or any benefit by way of bonus or otherwise over and above the sum actually assured which is to be or may be received under the policy by any person is not to be taken into account while calculating actual sum assured.
If the assessee terminates the contract or contract ceases to be in force by reason of failure to pay any premium
in case of any single premium policy, within two years after the date of commencement of insurance; or
in any other case, before premiums have been paid for two years
then no deduction is allowed for any premium paid in that financial year. The premium for such insurance policy which was allowed as deduction in earlier years is taxable in year in which insurance policy is terminated or ceases to be in force.
Limit of deduction: Maximum limit of deduction under section 80C, 80CCC and 80CCD collectively of Rs.1,50,000.
Taxability of Maturity Proceeds u/s 10(10D)
Maturity benefits received including bonus on the death of the insured person is tax free in the hands of recipient. Any maturity benefits including bonus received by the insured person himself are also exempt from tax.
But maturity proceeds will not be exempt from tax in the following cases –
1. Any sum received under a Keyman insurance policy.
2. Any sum received under an insurance policy issued on or after the 1st day of April, 2012 in respect of which the premium payable for any of the years during the term of the policy exceeds ten per cent of the actual capital sum assured.
Note: However in case of death of insurance person such amount is exempt from tax even if this conditions doesn’t satisfies.
Suppose, where the policy issued on or after the 1st day of April, 2013, is for insurance on life of any person, who is
(i) a person with disability or a person with severe disability as referred to in Section 80U or (ii) Suffering from disease or ailment as specified in the rules made under Section 80DDB,
then 10% is be substituted with 15%.
If such amount received is not exempt from tax under section 10(10D) and amount exceeds Rs. 1,00,000 in a financial year then TDS is to be deducted @ 1% (2 % before 1st June 2016) under section 194DA.